All the major Mediterranean civilizations have been present in Malaga thanks to the strategic position af its port which made it an exceptional site to establish trade routes. Remains from Phoenicians, Greeks, Carthaginians, Romans and Arabs are still to be found in and around Malaga. The Alcazaba, built in the 7th to mid-11th century, is one of the largest Arab fortresses in Andalucia. The Archaeological Museum is located in this building, which contains valuable peaces from the Phoenician and Roman periods.
The Castillo de Gibralfaro from the 14th century, joined to the Alcazaba by a stretch of wall, gives the best view of the city, which opens out into the sea with the port and the promenade of La Farola, one of the major leisure areas of the city. Just below the entrance to the Alcazaba are the ruins of an amphitheater dating from Roman times, the bullring, Plaza de Toros de la Malagueta, and the historic quarter of the city.
In the center of the old town stands the Cathedral, built 16th-18th century, it has an unfinished right tower. Other prominent churches in this district are Santiago, los Mártires, Sagrado Corazón and Santo Cristo de la Salud.
Historic Malaga offers countless spots and corners full of local colour. Plaza de la Mercedes can be admired, and one of the houses is where Pablo Picasso was born in 1881. A visit to the Picasso Museum is a must for those interested, and Malaga's colorful Market, the Mercado de Atarazanas, is one of the most appealing in Andalucia.
But Malaga has much more, lots of shops, restaurants, bars, cafés, clubs and other kind of entertainment. Malaga is located in the center of Costa del Sol, known for its beautiful beaches and charming villages. Also Costa del Sol is known for its many golf courses, especially to the west of the city, towards Gibraltar. Most of the course are within easy reach by car.
If you go inland there are many historical and interesting cities to be found, like Antequera, it only takes about ½ hour from Malaga, if you use the motorway, and around 1½ if you take the small roads which brings you through some beautiful landscapes. Further away is Mijas, a charming, white city in the mountains about 10 km. from the coast, and with fantastic views.
Even further down the coast towards Gibraltar is Ronda, about 40 kilometers inland. Ronda is known for its Roman and Arabic remains, and as being one of the old centers in Spain for bullfighting, the bullring is among the oldest in Spain.